(30 days baby, 56 days mature) Open-pollinated. The most commonly grown kale variety, this standard kale was introduced in 1950 by VaTES (see Vates) out of the pre-1865 heirloom variety Dwarf Green Curled. The lengthy name of this is usually shortened to Vates or Blue Scotch. Dense frilly finely curled blue-green leaves on compact upright 12–16" plants stand well, maintain color and resist yellowing in cold and heat. Hardy and productive, and makes great kale chips!